Volume 9, Issue 36 (7-2021)                   Haft Hesar J Environ Stud 2021, 9(36): 19-34 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (1742 Views)
Introduction: The place is a phenomenon to which man gives meaning to and becomes dependent in his lifetime. physical components of the body in architecture cause the formation of the existential base in individuals. This study aims to determine the effect of physical components on the two residential complexes of Kuy-e Ostadan and New Side town of Ahvaz and to determine the effect of each of these components on the dictation of place by individuals.
Methodology: This study with qualitative-quantitative research method has first collected literature with documentary technique. Then Delphi technique has been used to validate the components extracted from the Theoretical Foundations in this article. The components in the questionnaire were distributed among the residents with a Likert scale. The results have been analyzed using SPSS software and various statistics.
Results: In the Kuy-e Ostadan residential complex, the highest share is related to the diversity components, lighting, with a value of (1,000), the availability of benches with a value of (0.946), and the lowest share is related to ease of access with a value of (0.383). The lighting component had a significant effect in creating a sense of place. The diversity component and availability of the benches in this residential complex increased the time spent in this place. It is followed by incrementing the attachment and creating a sense of place. The highest correlation is between the green space variable and other variables in the New Side residential complex. The highest case is between readability and diversity with the value of (0.955). After them, green space with the meaning (0.921), and the lowest between the facade and flooring with the value of (0.104).
Conclusion: With an overview of the factors affecting the design of these two residential complexes, it can help to formulate more appropriate design criteria and provide the possibility of designing more quality housing. Therefore, urban planners and designers must pay special attention to the set of physical factors and characteristics that create the basis for the formation of different emotions between person and place on a home scale. This provides the basis for the qualitative growth and development of the residential environment for different residents as a platform for social life.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/08/20 | Accepted: 2021/07/1 | Published: 2021/07/1

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