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Volume 10, Issue 38 (12-2021)                   Haft Hesar J Environ Stud 2021, 10(38): 81-94 | Back to browse issues page

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Olia S, Habib F, Shahcheraghi A. Evaluating the effectiveness of teaching nature-based strategies on the Bioarchitecture design process. Haft Hesar J Environ Stud. 2021; 10 (38) :81-94
URL: http://hafthesar.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-1523-en.html
Abstract:   (1859 Views)
Introduction: At a time when modern rational man saw himself as the source of all values ​​and saw nature as an inexhaustible source of raw materials for the development of industry and the satisfaction of his needs, architecture became a tool for meeting the physical and material needs of man. The spread of this thinking led to many problems, including environmental crises; In order to improve this crisis, new intellectual roots were formed based on the combination of nature and technology, and the concepts of sustainability were introduced in scientific circles, and consequently the architecture of the time was influenced and forced architects to invent an approach in architecture that minimizes damage. To have for the planet.
Methodology: Studying different strategies of nature and gaining comprehensive knowledge of the application of these strategies in architecture for the development of environmentally friendly space can be obtained from practice and design training. Therefore, in this study, the effectiveness of teaching strategies derived from nature on the process of  bioarchitecture design with the aim of sustainability and change in the process of bioarchitecture design was done. After studying in the field of bioarchitecture with the aim of developing sustainability by using strategies derived from nature and selecting strategies (The Hannover Principles, Biomimicry, Ecological design) to develop a survey method in the target community and sampling students of humanities, nature, architecture of Islamic Azad University by conducting researcher-made tests to analyze ffocusing on the level of understanding and application of strategies, the type of selection and focus of students on concepts, as well as the level of results obtained.
Results: This study shows: Strategies derived from nature expand the range of student design solutions; A full description of the cognitive challenges of nature-based design includes problems and challenges such as retrieval, incorrect mental models, focusing on and using inappropriate features and aspects, and ignoring similarities.
Conclusion: In the future, nature-based design tools and methods are expected to encourage designers to develop concepts based on biological resources, which include a variety of motivations and attitudes with common ground principles, providing innovative solutions, combining categorized information structures, and data.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2020/12/7 | Accepted: 2021/05/31 | Published: 2022/01/14

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