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:: Volume 6, Issue 21 (12-2017) ::
3 2017, 6(21): 71-81 Back to browse issues page
An Examination on the Effect of Qorchibashi City as a Model of UFRD on Surrounding Villages Development, Case Study: Chaharcheshmeh
Abstract:   (703 Views)
Today, policy makers and planners in developing countries have widely founded that the location of infrastructure facilities and services plays an important role in the rural development. Also, improved geographical accessibility of rural population to basic services is one of the fundamental goals of most governments in the Third World. In Iran, balanced development levels in the different regions have been also interested by the executors, planners and researchers who study on the regional planning during the recent decades. Modified regional inequalities in the country and its different regions has been taken into consideration because of studying and identifying the deprived areas and extensive development of the areas and different regions of the country during the last decades and taking the extensive enforcement measures on these cases. It can be mentioned the implemented policy on urbanizing the villages in the last two decades from among the measures taken in this regard. The above effort has a content affinity with UFRD approach proposed by Rondinelli. Qorchibashi town located in Khomein is one of towns where has become changed into a town in 2003. The present study aimed to investigate the role and function of a new central place in developing its surrounding villages. To do so, six functions was considered in the form of 35 variables and the trends and conditions in the region were assessed and compared in two periods before and after its urbanization by using the graph analysis method. In the study, the data collection method is a documental- analytical method and field study. The results show that Qorchibashi city couldn’t as Rondinelli expected, as a central place plays an important role in providing services to surrounding villages and consequently failed to reduce the dependence of rural areas to the Khomein city. In other words in spite of conversion of Qorchibashi village to a city and establishment of some services and functions in this city, the commute of surrounding villages to the Khomein city hasn’t diminished and the residents of his rural settlements often refer to it to meet their needs. Lack of sufficient and regular vehicles, provision of primary and non-specialized services in cases where new services have established in this city, synchronicity of meet different needs, are the main reasons of lack of resort of surrounding villages to Qorchibashi town.The theoretical framework of this study is based on the principles of UFRD approach that was proposed by Dennis Rondinelli in 1986. The above approach in regional planning is based on the concept of spatial-functional integration and on the basis of theoretical principles of central places which was proposed by Walter Christaller and services theory. The UFRD approach is based on this principle that an integrated and structured settlement system with cities by different sizes and functional properties plays an important role in regional planning.
Keywords: Small City, Urban Functions, Network Analysis, Rural Development, UFRD
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
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An Examination on the Effect of Qorchibashi City as a Model of UFRD on Surrounding Villages Development, Case Study: Chaharcheshmeh. 3. 2017; 6 (21) :71-81
URL: http://hafthesar.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-470-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 21 (12-2017) Back to browse issues page
مطالعات محیطی هفت حصار Haft Hesar Journal of Environmental Studies
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