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Volume 11, Issue 41 (12-2022)                   Haft Hesar J Environ Stud 2022, 11(41): 31-52 | Back to browse issues page


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Miahi M, Vasigh B. Analysis of the effect of sense of place in Gated communities complexes (Case study of Ahvaz oil town). Haft Hesar J Environ Stud 2022; 11 (41) :31-52
URL: http://hafthesar.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-1774-en.html
Abstract:   (880 Views)
Introduction: 
Enclosed housing estates are limited-access residential areas that have recently expanded around the world. These complexes are designed to achieve the highest quality of private services and escape from urban disorder. Measuring the sense of the place could be a criterion for the successfulness of an urban or architectural complex. The sense of belonging will indicate the efficiency of the architectural and urban design. So far, these components in spaces regarding job or occupation have not been studied, and the research structure without intervening the variable was considered the purpose of the project construction. The purpose was to find the factors affecting the creation of the sense of the place in a closed urban complex. The case study was the National Iranian South Oil Company town.
Methodology: 
The research was a quantitative and correlational survey. The information was collected by distributing the questionnaires among the residents over 18 years old randomly. The questionnaire was based on the Likert Scale, and the sample size was determined 362 based on Cochran’s formula. The statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS software and utilizing Spearman’s correlation coefficient to assess the research model and evaluate its validity, and Friedman’s test was used to prioritize the variables.
Results:
indicate that there is a significant correlation between physical architecture (public and private), activities and social interactions, and hyper architecture. The percentage weight of Friedman’s test of the main components were as follows: private physique with 31.12%, indicating the maximum effect on the sense of the place, public physique with 25.50%, hyper architecture with 24.30%, and social interactions and activity with 19.10%, respectively.
Conclusion: 
Show that there is a significant correlation between physical architecture (public and private), activities and social interactions, and hyper architecture. The percentage weight of Friedman’s test of the main components were as follows: private physique with 31.12%, indicating the maximum effect on the sense of the place, public physique with 25.50%, hyper architecture with 24.30%, and social interactions and activity with 19.10%, respectively. The results of Friedman’s ranking test of the sub-components showed that cleanness and hygiene, religious association, and access to urban transportation have the highest average rank. These sub-components are the most significant and influential factors on the sense of the place in the oil company. Organization and quality of the interior spaces, social interactions and participation, and access to the town services ranked next. The sub-components, sense of security in the town, and residence duration of the residents have the minimum impact on the sense of the place.
 
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2021/09/20 | Accepted: 2022/01/30 | Published: 2023/01/6

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