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Volume 11, Issue 44 ( Summer 2023)                   Haft Hesar J Environ Stud 2023, 11(44): 112-128 | Back to browse issues page

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Pirayesh Shirazi Nezhad M, Tahbaz M, Masoudi A, Mahmoudi Zarandi M. Existential analysis of vernacular housing in the Manoujan region of Kerman province with the phenomenological approach of Schultz and Heidegger. Haft Hesar J Environ Stud 2023; 11 (44) :112-128
URL: http://hafthesar.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-1930-en.html
Abstract:   (334 Views)
Introduction: Since vernacular architecture is formed in harmony with the "lived experience" of the
natives, it is an architecture of existential space, which, from a poetic point of view, is an unexpected
and at the same time liberating space that is discovered and understood through imagination.
Therefore, the present article, by referring to the phenomenological approach that is rooted in
philosophy and refers to concepts such as "lived experience" and "perception" of human beings,
examines the issue in a way that "how" is possible.
 Methodology: to answer the main question of the research: "How can the phenomenological criteria
derived from Heidegger and Schultz's theories provide an existential analysis of the realization of
habitation/dwelling in the indigenous architecture of Manoujan region?", Phenomenological criteria
derived from basic theoretical studies in Heidegger's philosophy of existence and the phenomenology
of place in Schultz's research, include: one case dependent variable of "Dwelling", and ten
independent variables including: "Spatiality", "Gathering", "Character", and "Poetic" were extracted
and compiled.
Results: Then, the findings of field studies on Manoujan vernacular architecture were presented in the
form of analysis and description by Schultz and Heidegger phenomenological criteria in order to
achieve a deeper and better understanding of Manoujan vernacular architecture in describing and
interpreting the phenomenological phenomena with the mentioned criteria. What significantly
distinguishes this habitat - the collection of adjacent capers - from similar specimens is the type of
material, the shape, and manner of the capers and other related elements, on the one hand, and the
habitat that has been established there, on the other.
Conclusion: The results showed that the settlement in question, despite all the economic problems
and severe poverty of its inhabitants, has the necessary components for the realization of
habitation/dwelling and sense of place in accordance with the authentication and admittance of utility
and therefore in relation to form and space. Finally, it was tried to show that this "dwelling" method
has advantages that are neglected in current architectural research and studies; the advantages are
focused on the "lived experience" of the residents and their existential relationship with their
environment and place of living, which seems to be better seen with existential analysis and a
phenomenological approach.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2021/08/22 | Accepted: 2023/09/1 | Published: 2023/09/17

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