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Volume 11, Issue 44 ( Summer 2023)                   Haft Hesar J Environ Stud 2023, 11(44): 97-111 | Back to browse issues page

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Noraei S, Farkish H, Mirza Kochak Khoshnevis A, Taji M, Moradi Nasab H. Critical evaluation of the presentational variables in artistic-architectural institution and the public architecture, (2008-2018). Haft Hesar J Environ Stud 2023; 11 (44) :97-111
URL: http://hafthesar.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-1929-en.html
Abstract:   (514 Views)
Introduction: Residential architecture is not only literal words based on specific arrays and techniques, rather, it is a kind
of colloquial language in which social contradictions and distinctions are exhibited with the same oral language. The
presentational variable is one of the influential factors in the architectural body. Nowadays, dramatic architecture in society
as a public affair is a barrier to policy-making with a cultural challenge in the field of architecture. From the point of view
of culturalism, presentational variables are associated with culture, while culture, affected by time and field, can be derived
from each of the cultural layers or areas; ideological culture (Culture of specialist forces, books, and articles), custom
culture (Common culture), elite culture (Imported culture) or foreign culture (Religion and Nationality). Perceiving the
relation between the presentational variable and architecture is a part of perceiving the architecture-culture relation. On the
other hand, the difference between academic and daily conversation is displayed in the form of the building's skin by
entering the distinction which has shown itself in “language”. The explanation of this cultural category in the duality of
opinion and action on today's exterior body of housing architecture will assist the audiences in understanding it more
accurately in the direction of today's housing pathology. Therefore, in the present study, the indicators of the presentational
variable have been explained and then investigated on the exterior body of contemporary Iranian housing. 
Methodology: First, the seven proposed indicators of the presentational variables on the exterior body of a building have
been explained according to variations of research literature and reasoning/qualitative analysis using the mixed method, and
then the indicators and characteristics, in selected buildings from the domain of “artistic institution”, including selected
buildings in architectural competitions, the domain of “public” architectures namely architectures of the artificial texture of
society has been investigated using mean comparison test. Data collection for the statistical population of the first and
second categories has been done by library and field methods, respectively, and the sampling model of both categories has
been purpose. 
Results: Among the seven indicators of the presentational variable (modernism, prodigal, isolated, dominant, bourgeois,
seducer, rupture of culture), there has been a significant difference in five indicators among the buildings of these two
domains; so the most effective indicators of the presentational variable in the first domain means indicators of "isolated" and
"modernism" have been the least effective indicators in the second domain and conversely, indicators of "rupture of culture"
and "bourgeois" have considered as the most effective indicators in the second domain while they have considered as the
least effective indicators in the first domain.
Conclusion: This lack of congruence has revealed an incompatible situation as it seems that public architecture has not
been subordinate to the selected buildings of institutions of society and this institution has not shown the required field –
according to Bourdieu – in shaping the exterior body of housing in order to gain public obedience.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2021/08/8 | Accepted: 2022/06/1 | Published: 2023/09/17

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